The vast majority of platinum production in the world comes from South Africa and Russia.
Platinum is silver-white – it was once known as “white gold” – and it has many useful properties, which show its application in various industries.
It is extremely resistant to turning and rust (which is known as “great metal”) and it is very soft and flexible, making it easy to shape.
It is also flexible, which makes it easy to spread in the wire, and is irreversible, which means that it does not oxidize and is unaffected by common acids.
Platinum infection is one of the metals, a group that contains gold, silver, copper, and titanium- and contains most elements in the middle of the periodic table.
The atomic structure of these metals means that they can easily bond with other elements. Platinum is commonly known for its use in the manufacture of jewelry, but its main applications have spread to catalytic converters, electrical contacts, pacemakers, medicines, and magnets.
Here are 10 interesting facts that you do not know about platinum.
1. Approximately 50 percent of cancer therapy patients currently use platinum-containing drugs, and some of these drugs, such as Cisplatin, are also used for treating tumors and cancer in animals. Platinum is considered biologically compatible metal because it is non-toxic and stable, so it does not react, or negatively affects body tissues. Recent research has shown platinum to inhibit the development of some cancer cells.
2. According to many analysts, platinum production is unlikely to increase in the coming years. The majority of platinum (about 80 percent) is mined in South Africa. In Russia, about 10 percent of mining is done, and the rest are found in northern and South America. Since platinum and other platinum group metals (PGM) metals are not usually found in large amounts, they are often sub-products from mining to other metals. South African producers have already recovered platinum which is close to the surface of the Earth. Today, growers should dig into the soil layer for metal. Deep mining translates into high production costs and low production of the commodity.
3. Nearly half of the mining platinum is used in catalytic converters, part of the automobile which reduces toxic gases in toxic emissions. Platinum and other platinum can withstand the high temperature required for oxidation reactions that reduce the metal emissions.
4. A cylindrical hunk of platinum and platinum alloy is used as an international standard for measuring one kilogram. In the 1880s, about 40 of these cylinders, which weigh about 2.2 lbs. Or 1 kilogram, was distributed around the world.
5. Platinum Group Metals or PGM are some rare metals found on Earth. PGM has two subgroups: Palladium Group-Platinum Group Element (PPGE) and Iridium Group-Platinum Group Element (IPEG). The first group includes platinum, palladium, and rhodium. The second includes iridium, osmium, and ruthenium. No PGM is bad and they are highly resistant to heat and chemical attack. They are all excellent electrical conductors.
6. Objects which platinum lies in the date of approximately 700 BC. Other PGM did not make its way to the scene until the nineteenth century. Flexible platinum, only to be purified on pure metal purification, was first produced by French physicist PF. Chebaneu in 178 9; It was made in a forty that was presented to Pope Pius VI. In 1802 English chemist William Wolston was claimed to have discovered palladium, who named it after the asteroid palace. Later, Wollaston claimed the discovery of another element in platinum ore: Rhodium. The discovery of iridium (in the name of Iris, due to the diverse color of its salts, the goddess of the rainbow) and osmium (due to “odor” from the Greek word, due to the calorific odor of its volatile oxide) was claimed by English Chemist Smithson Tenant in 1803
7. London Platinum is the center of business but physical distribution occurs in Switzerland’s Zurich. NYMEX Division of CME provides a futures contract on Platinum. Each futures contract represents 50 ounces of metal. Platinum prices have increased and dropped in global industrial conditions. Just before the 2008 global financial crisis, the price of platinum in 2008 was $ 2,300 an ounce.
8. Contrary to gold and silver, which can be easily separated by simple fire retardation, platinum metals require complicated aqueous chemical processing for their isolation and detection. Since these techniques were not available until the beginning of the 19th century, the identity and separation of the platinum group were behind silver and gold for thousands of years. In addition, high melting points of these metals have limited to their applications until the researchers compiled platinum in useful forms and did not compose ways to work.
9. Platinum Fashion in Good Ornaments started around 1900, however, although this application is still important today, it was soon adopted from industrial uses. After World War II, the expansion of molecular conversion techniques in finishing petroleum made a great demand for catalytic properties of platinum metals. This demand increased even in the 1970s when automotive emission standards in the United States and other European countries used platinum metals in the catalytic conversion of exhaust gases.
10. A platinum extract is both capital and labor intensive. Production of a troy ounce of pure platinum (31.135 g) can take up to 6 months and 7 to 12 tonnes of ore. The first step in this process is to crush ore containing platinum and immerse it in the water transfection – a process called ‘froth floatation’. During the floatation, air pumps through the ore-water solution. Platinum particles chemically impose on oxygen and the surface grows in a slurry which is skimmed for further finishing. Once drying, a concentrated powder is still less than 1% platinum. After this, it is heated with 2732 F (1500 C) in an electric furnace and the air is blown again, iron and sulfur impurities are removed. Electrolyte and chemical techniques are employed to remove Nicol, copper, and cobalt, resulting in the concentration of 15-20% PGM. Aqua regia (a mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid) is used to dissolve the mineral carefully by making chlorine to platinum metal, which adds platinum to form chloroplatinic acid. In the last step, ammonium chloride is used to convert chloroplatinic acid to ammonium hex chloroplatinate, which can be burned to make pure platinum metal.
The good news is that this platinum is not made from primary sources in this long and expensive process. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS) data, approximately 30% of 8.53 million ounces of platinum produced from the world each year comes from recycled sources. Platinum recycling helps in promoting and preserving the future use of a valuable natural resource.
Platinum can be thrown from the most different sources:
-Burns and ingots
-Flaxes and cereals
Sponge and powder
-Wire and Gauge-Crucible
– Supernatural and thermocouple wire
-Aqua Regia Solutions
Platinum refining word is adapted based on the type and quantity of platinum scrap and the service you need.
All West Matter is a West Disposal Company based in the UK. As a Leading West Management Company, we deal in dangerous West Disposal, Paint Disposal, Accurate Metal Refining, and Chemical West Disposal UK.